Receding Gum Surgery Explained In Detail
Caused by multiple factors, gum recession can mean a lot of things. Regardless of the cause, it is considered as a reason for concern. As gum recedes, more parts of the tooth becomes exposed, making them more prone to damage. This can also lead to increased tooth sensitivity, which can cause immense discomfort, especially when eating hot or cold food. If left untreated, receding gums can cause complications such as tooth loss. Conservative management for gum recession is available. However, if all else fails, surgery presents the best option. Here are some examples of receding gum surgery.
1. Gum grafts – Grafting is one of the common surgical procedures done when fixing receding gums. This surgery is done under local anesthesia, as the procedure itself can be painful. In this procedure, a tissue graft is taken from a healthy part of the patient’s oral cavity. This graft is then placed on the diseased area of the gums. The graft covers up the exposed tissue damaged by gum recession. At the same time, the graft promotes long-term healing that fixes gum disease. If done correctly, the patient recovers within weeks and gum recession ceases to recur.
2. Pocket reduction – This procedure aims to repair “pockets” of gum tissue that can harbor oral bacteria that can lead to infections, further gum recession, and other oral health problems. In this procedure, the dentist folds back the affected gum tissue. It is then cleaned to remove both plaque and bacteria deposited in it. After cleaning, the gum tissue is then secured snugly into place. This not only closes the pocket to prevent future infections, but it also provides added protection for the root of the tooth involved.
3. Regeneration treatment – This surgical option is only recommended for the most severe of gum recession cases. The treatment is geared towards facilitating the healing of not just damaged gum tissue, but also of adjacent bone. In this procedure, the affected area is opened up and cleaned. A protein matrix is then added at the root of the tooth. This matrix stimulates the growth of both gum and bone tissue. If successful, this treatment repairs the cause of gum recession and provides added support for the affected tooth.
Those are just 3 of the most common examples of receding gum surgery available. The appropriate treatment option depends on multiple factors, such as the degree of gum tissue damage and the patient’s tolerance for surgery. However, all these procedures, if properly done and if proper post-operational care is given, provide definite resolution of gum recession.