Identify Gum Disease Early
Millions of people around the world suffer from gum disease. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), nearly half of American adults have periodontal disease (approximately 64.7 million adults age 30 years and above). This is an alarming issue and one that needs immediate attention.
The good news is that gum problems are not altogether difficult to address. Remember that every individual, regardless of age, is at risk. The trick is simply to identify gum disease early. Early detection helps prevent the disease from totally destroying your gum line.
Stages of Gum Disease
Much like any other disease, gum disease goes through stages. At the early stage, gum disease can easily be treated. Neglect may cause it to move to the next stages, usually characterized by irreversible damage to the teeth, gums or the bone supporting your teeth.
Oral health experts have categorized gum disease into the following:
1. Early Stage
Often called gingivitis, during this stage, your gums become inflamed due to excessive plaque buildup. Plaque that get stuck in your gumline can be poisonous to your gum tissues, so you need to remove them before they destroy your gums. If your gums bleed right away when brushing or flossing, then you may likely be in the early stage of gum disease. As long as the bone supporting your teeth and the gum tissues remain intact, then you can do something about gingivitis. Gingivitis can be addressed by thoroughly and regularly flossing and brushing your teeth. You may also add gargling with a mouth wash to your daily oral care routine to prevent bacteria from infesting your teeth or gums.
2. Second Stage
Periodontitis, the second stage of gum disease, is much harder to address than gingivitis. Not only is the bone that holds your teeth together damaged beyond repair, the fibers or connective gum tissues may likewise be destroyed to a certain degree. Restoring your gums to their original state may take some time. Pockets will also start forming below the gumline. These pockets worsen existing plaque buildup. You can minimize the damage by seeking professional dental assistance. Expert dental care and specific types of home remedy can reduce the damage and improve your oral health condition.
3. Third Stage
The final stage of gum disease, also called advanced periodontitis, is the most difficult stage for any person suffering from gum disease. In this stage, your gum fibers and bone support are completely destroyed. You will have trouble chewing or biting food as several of your teeth are loose. The worst case scenario – when not even expert dental intervention can treat a patient with advanced periodontitis – is that all affected teeth may have to be pulled out.
Remember that identifying gum disease early is one of the best ways to avoid advanced periodontitis.