Bleeding Gums When Flossing: Causes & Treatments
Bleeding gums is commonly a result of vigorous brushing or hard flossing, but this does not mean that we should take this too lightly. Bleeding gums when flossing or brushing could be a hint of underlying diseases which needs to be attended to.
Causes of Bleeding Gums When Flossing
There are many causes of bleeding gums when flossing and it’s important to note that each and every one of them should be taken into consideration. If you notice tenderness or irritation when flossing or brushing your teeth, do not hesitate to visit your dentist or Periodontist for a checkup.
Aside from what is mentioned above, there are other causes involved such as periodontal disease or commonly referred to as gum disease. This is the most common cause of gum bleeding problems. Gum disease takes place because of the plaque accumulation in the mouth. Plaque amassed when it is improperly removed by tooth brushing, this will eventually cause gum inflammation or gingivitis. If gingivitis is not addressed or treated properly this will ultimately lead to periodontal disease in which the ligaments and bones in the teeth are infected leading to bleeding gums when brushing teeth.
People who have more Tartar (hardened dental plaque) are those who smoke and chew tobacco. Keep in mind that Tartar causes gum diseases and ultimately lead to gingivitis. If you don’t like including green, leafy vegetables on your daily diet then you must be insufficient in Vitamin K and don’t be surprised if you noticed bleeding gums when flossing. Vitamin K has a major role in blood clotting and its deficiency may result to gum disease.
Having autoimmune disorders can also cause gum bleeding. Autoimmune disorder is a condition where the immune system attacks or kills healthy body tissues. One of the autoimmune disorders that can cause gum bleeding is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
There are also some serious or life-threatening causes of gum bleeding such as Leukemia which is a cancer of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow and white blood cells. One of its distinguishing features is bleeding gums. Platelet disorder or bleeding disorder is also another cause.
How to Stop Bleeding Gums When Flossing
If you experience bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, you must be brushing your teeth too hard (removing the enamel), and letting tart build below the gum line. Bleeding gums is usually treated by using a soft-bristle toothbrush, and proper flossing after every meal. You can also rinse your mouth using hydrogen peroxide and water. Salt water is an option as well. As much as possible, keep away from using alcohol-containing and commercial mouthwashes or mouth cleansers, these may worsen the gum bleeding. You can use mouthwashes with chlorhexidine instead. Include a healthy diet with low saturated fats and eat more green leafy vegetables, fruits and a whole grain.